A Closer Look: Conserving Made in the USA

Take a look at how the Phillips conservation team prepared for Made in the USA, including starting two years in advance of the exhibition and removing 60 years of accumulated grime from the surface of Bradley Walker Tomlin‘s
No. 9 (1952).

Playing with Light in the Dark

Vesela Sretenović, Senior Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art, installed dramatically lit sculpture in a darkly painted intimate gallery to play with light, dark, and shadow on the third floor of the house. Our collection of sculpture doesn’t get seen as often as other works and to have an entire room dedicated to these choice pieces is a treat.

Photos: Joshua Navarro

Left: (behind) Auguste Rodin, Female Torso, Kneeling, Twisting Nude, not dated/cast 1984, Bronze overall: 23 3/4 x 12 5/8 x 13 3/4 in; Gift of Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Foundation, 2009. Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, Dog, 1914, Bronze 6 x 14 x 3 in. Gift of H.S. Ede, 1965. Center: Alexander Archipenko, Arabian, between 1930 and 1940, terra cotta 24 in. In Memory of Ellen Dupont Wheelright, 1992. Right: Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Richard Guino, Mother and Child, 1916, Bronze 21 1/2 x 8 x 8 1/2 in. Acquired 1940. All: The Phillips Collection, Washington DC. Photos: Joshua Navarro

Photos: Joshua Navarro

Left: (far left) Hans (Jean) Arp, Tête Heaume II (Helmeted Head II), 1959, Bronze overall: 22 in. Gift of John and Joy Safer, 2003. (left center) Moore, Henry, Family Group, 1946, Bronze 17 1/2 x 13 x 8 5/8 in. Acquired 1947. Center: View of gallery. Right: Pablo Picasso, Head of a Woman, 1950, Bronze 12 1/2 x 8 1/2 x 5 1/4 in. Acquired 1972. All: The Phillips Collection, Washington DC. Photos: Joshua Navarro

Lunar New Year: Year of the Horse Day 7

Hunt Diederich, Spanish Rider, not dated, Bronze

Willhelm Hunt Diederich, Spanish Rider, not dated, Bronze 17 1/4 x 14 1/4 x 6 1/4 in.; 43.815 x 36.195 x 15.875 cm. Acquired 1924. The Phillips Collection, Washington DC.

As part of the celebrations for the Chinese Year of the Horse, I was drawn to the bronze sculpture, Spanish Rider, by Wilhelm Hunt Diederich. Diederich was born in Austria-Hungary to an American mother and Prussian father. When Diederich was only three years old, his father died in a hunting accident. His only memory of his father was that he loved horses and dogs, a memory that would influence Diederich’s work as a leading sculptor of animal subjects.
Spanish Rider seems to be informed by the Andalusian horses Diederich would have encountered during his time spent traveling in Spain in the early 20th century. The horse is performing the Spanish Walk, where the horse raises each foreleg off the ground in an exaggerated motion. While the Spanish Walk today is a trick not allowed in competition, Spanish breeds of horses excel at the precise movements of dressage, an equestrian sport of riding and training a horse to develop obedience, flexibility, and balance. Dressage is an Olympic sport, and Spanish breeds, such as the one featured in Diederich’s sculpture, are naturally gifted dressage athletes due to their graceful movement, sensitivity, and intelligence. In fact, the Spanish national dressage team is a regular medal contender at international equestrian competitions.

Still at 1:44 from Ecuestres Mundiales Kentucky 2010 on YouTube

Still at 1:44 from Ecuestres Mundiales Kentucky 2010 on YouTube

My favorite thing about dressage and art is that both are timeless. For example, if you look at a still image from the video linked above, you can see that the pose of the horse and rider is a modern tableau of Spanish Rider, unchanged even after a hundred years! The emotion and fluidity of dressage remind me of finishing a work of art—the learning process is often long and requires focus and dedication, but the result looks effortless.

Caroline Paganussi, Executive Assistant to the Director and the Board of Trustees