Lunar New Year: Year of the Horse Day 7

Hunt Diederich, Spanish Rider, not dated, Bronze

Willhelm Hunt Diederich, Spanish Rider, not dated, Bronze 17 1/4 x 14 1/4 x 6 1/4 in.; 43.815 x 36.195 x 15.875 cm. Acquired 1924. The Phillips Collection, Washington DC.

As part of the celebrations for the Chinese Year of the Horse, I was drawn to the bronze sculpture, Spanish Rider, by Wilhelm Hunt Diederich. Diederich was born in Austria-Hungary to an American mother and Prussian father. When Diederich was only three years old, his father died in a hunting accident. His only memory of his father was that he loved horses and dogs, a memory that would influence Diederich’s work as a leading sculptor of animal subjects.
Spanish Rider seems to be informed by the Andalusian horses Diederich would have encountered during his time spent traveling in Spain in the early 20th century. The horse is performing the Spanish Walk, where the horse raises each foreleg off the ground in an exaggerated motion. While the Spanish Walk today is a trick not allowed in competition, Spanish breeds of horses excel at the precise movements of dressage, an equestrian sport of riding and training a horse to develop obedience, flexibility, and balance. Dressage is an Olympic sport, and Spanish breeds, such as the one featured in Diederich’s sculpture, are naturally gifted dressage athletes due to their graceful movement, sensitivity, and intelligence. In fact, the Spanish national dressage team is a regular medal contender at international equestrian competitions.

Still at 1:44 from Ecuestres Mundiales Kentucky 2010 on YouTube

Still at 1:44 from Ecuestres Mundiales Kentucky 2010 on YouTube

My favorite thing about dressage and art is that both are timeless. For example, if you look at a still image from the video linked above, you can see that the pose of the horse and rider is a modern tableau of Spanish Rider, unchanged even after a hundred years! The emotion and fluidity of dressage remind me of finishing a work of art—the learning process is often long and requires focus and dedication, but the result looks effortless.

Caroline Paganussi, Executive Assistant to the Director and the Board of Trustees

Conservation Maintenance of Outdoor Sculpture

Conservators clean Barbara Hepworth's Dual Forms. Photos: Sarah Osborne Bender

On Monday, conservator Lilli Steele and sculpture conservator Constance Stromberg washed and waxed our Barbara Hepworth sculpture, Dual Form, located in the Hunter Courtyard.

Constance describes the process:

After washing with water and mild detergent then rinsing and drying with soft cloths, we apply wax to the bronze as a protective coating (so we don’t remove it). It wears off with time especially where the bronze gets a lot of sun, rain, and wind abrasion. On the first day of this two day process, we wipe off just the upper layer of old wax to remove embedded particulate dirt before applying fresh wax. The following day, we buff the surface with soft cloths after the wax has a chance to harden.

Conservation maintenance on outdoor bronzes should be done every 18 to 24 months to protect the surface, and in between there should be periodic washing two or three times per year to rinse off pollen and airborne particulates.

Before cleaning (left) and after (right). Cleaning is especially evident on the base and under the round opening. Photos: Constance Stromberg

It was interesting to learn that Constance has worked on four other Hepworth sculptures and considers her work to be among her favorites.